Computer Networks Fifth Edition By Andrew S. Tanenbaum and David J. Wetherall

Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition

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Introduction: Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition

Getting Started With Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition, Each of the past three centuries was dominated by a single new technology. The 18th century was the era of the great mechanical systems accompanying the Industrial Revolution(Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition). The 19th century was the age of the steam engine. During the 20th century, the key technology was information gathering, processing, and distribution. Among other developments, we saw the installation of worldwide telephone networks, the invention of radio and television, the birth and unprecedented growth of the computer industry, the launching of communication satellites, and, of course, the Internet.

As a result of rapid technological progress, these areas are rapidly converging in the 21st century and the differences between collecting, transporting, storing, and processing information are quickly disappearing. Organizations with hundreds of offices spread over a wide geographical area routinely expect to be able to examine the current status of even their most remote outpost at the push of a button. As our ability to gather, process, and distribute information grows, the demand for ever more sophisticated information processing grows even faster.
Although the computer industry is still young compared to other industries (e.g., automobiles and air transportation), computers have made spectacular progress in a short time. During the first two decades of their existence, computer systems were highly centralized, usually within a single large room. Not infrequently, this room had glass walls, through which visitors could gawk at the great electronic wonder inside. A medium-sized company or university might have had one or two computers, while very large institutions had at most a few dozen. The idea that within forty years vastly more powerful computers smaller than postage stamps would be mass produced by the billions was pure science fiction.
The merging of Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition and communications has had a profound influence on the way computer systems are organized. The once-dominant concept of the ‘‘computer center’’ as a room with a large computer to which users bring their work for processing is now totally obsolete (although data centers holding thousands of Internet servers are becoming common). The old model of a single computer serving all of the organization’s computational needs has been replaced by one in which a large number of separate but interconnected computers do the job. These systems are called Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition. The design and organization of these networks are the subjects of this book(Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition).

Computer Networks Fifth Edition Chapters and Sections

Table Of Contents For Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition

 

INTRODUCTION: Computer Networks Tanenbaum 5th Edition

USES OF COMPUTER NETWORKS

Business Applications
Home Applications
Mobile Users
Social Issues
NETWORK HARDWARE
Personal Area Networks
Local Area Networks
Metropolitan Area Networks
Wide Area Networks
Internetworks
NETWORK SOFTWARE
Protocol Hierarchies
Design Issues for the Layers
Connection-Oriented Versus Connectionless Service
Service Primitives
The Relationship of Services to Protocols
REFERENCE MODELS
The OSI Reference Model
The TCP/IP Reference Model
The Model Used in This Book
A Comparison of the OSI and TCP/IP Reference Models
A Critique of the OSI Model and Protocols
A Critique of the TCP/IP Reference Model
EXAMPLE NETWORKS
The Internet
Third-Generation Mobile Phone Networks
Wireless LANs: 802.11
RFID and Sensor Networks
NETWORK STANDARDIZATION
Who’s Who in the Telecommunications World
Who’s Who in the International Standards World
Who’s Who in the Internet Standards World
METRIC UNITS
OUTLINE OF THE REST OF THE BOOK
SUMMARY

2 THE PHYSICAL LAYER

THE THEORETICAL BASIS FOR DATA COMMUNICATION
Fourier Analysis
Bandwidth-Limited Signals
The Maximum Data Rate of a Channel
GUIDED TRANSMISSION MEDIA
Magnetic Media
Twisted Pairs
Coaxial Cable
Power Lines
Fiber Optics
WIRELESS TRANSMISSION
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Radio Transmission
Microwave Transmission
Infrared Transmission
Light Transmission
COMMUNICATION SATELLITES*
Geostationary Satellites
Medium-Earth Orbit Satellites
Low-Earth Orbit Satellites
Satellites Versus Fiber
DIGITAL MODULATION AND MULTIPLEXING
Baseband Transmission
Passband Transmission
Frequency Division Multiplexing
Time Division Multiplexing
Code Division Multiplexing
THE PUBLIC SWITCHED TELEPHONE NETWORK
Structure of the Telephone System
The Politics of Telephones
The Local Loop: Modems, ADSL, and Fiber
Trunks and Multiplexing
Switching
THE MOBILE TELEPHONE SYSTEM*
First-Generation (coco1G) Mobile Phones: Analog Voice
Second-Generation (2G) Mobile Phones: Digital Voice
Third-Generation (3G) Mobile Phones: Digital Voice and Data
CABLE TELEVISION*
Community Antenna Television
Internet over Cable
Spectrum Allocation
Cable Modems
ADSL Versus Cable
SUMMARY

3 THE DATA LINK LAYER

DATA LINK LAYER DESIGN ISSUES
Services Provided to the Network Layer
Framing
Error Control
Flow Control
ERROR DETECTION AND CORRECTION
Error-Correcting Codes
Error-Detecting Codes
ELEMENTARY DATA LINK PROTOCOLS
A Utopian Simplex Protocol
A Simplex Stop-and-Wait Protocol for an Error-Free Channel
A Simplex Stop-and-Wait Protocol for a Noisy Channel
SLIDING WINDOW PROTOCOLS
A One-Bit Sliding Window Protocol
A Protocol Using Go-Back-N
A Protocol Using Selective Repeat
EXAMPLE DATA LINK PROTOCOLS
Packet over SONET
ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop)
SUMMARY

4 THE MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL SUBLAYER

THE CHANNEL ALLOCATION PROBLEM
Static Channel Allocation
Assumptions for Dynamic Channel Allocation
MULTIPLE ACCESS PROTOCOLS
ALOHA
Carrier Sense Multiple Access Protocols
Collision-Free Protocols
Limited-Contention Protocols
Wireless LAN Protocols
ETHERNET
Classic Ethernet Physical Layer
Classic Ethernet MAC Sublayer Protocol
Ethernet Performance
Switched Ethernet
Fast Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet
10-Gigabit Ethernet
Retrospective on Ethernet
WIRELESS LANS
The 802.11 Architecture and Protocol Stack
The 802.11 Physical Layer
The 802.11 MAC Sublayer Protocol
The 802.11 Frame Structure
Services
BROADBAND WIRELESS*
Comparison of 802.16 with 802.11 and 3G
The 802.16 Architecture and Protocol Stack
The 802.16 Physical Layer
The 802.16 MAC Sublayer Protocol
The 802.16 Frame Structure
BLUETOOTH*
Bluetooth Architecture
Bluetooth Applications
The Bluetooth Protocol Stack
The Bluetooth Radio Layer
The Bluetooth Link Layers
The Bluetooth Frame Structure
RFID*
EPC Gen 2 Architecture
EPC Gen 2 Physical Layer
EPC Gen 2 Tag Identification Layer
Tag Identification Message Formats
DATA LINK LAYER SWITCHING
Uses of Bridges
Learning Bridges
Spanning Tree Bridges
Repeaters, Hubs, Bridges, Switches, Routers, and Gateways
Virtual LANs
SUMMARY

5 THE NETWORK LAYER

NETWORK LAYER DESIGN ISSUES
Store-and-Forward Packet Switching
Services Provided to the Transport Layer
Implementation of Connectionless Service
Implementation of Connection-Oriented Service
Comparison of Virtual-Circuit and Datagram Networks
ROUTING ALGORITHMS
The Optimality Principle
Shortest Path Algorithm
Flooding
Distance Vector Routing
Link State Routing
Hierarchical Routing
Broadcast Routing
Multicast Routing
Anycast Routing
Routing for Mobile Hosts
Routing in Ad Hoc Networks
CONGESTION CONTROL ALGORITHMS
Approaches to Congestion Control
Traffic-Aware Routing
Admission Control
Traffic Throttling
Load Shedding
QUALITY OF SERVICE
Application Requirements
Traffic Shaping
Packet Scheduling
Admission Control
Integrated Services
Differentiated Services
INTERNETWORKING
How Networks Differ
How Networks Can Be Connected
Tunneling
Internetwork Routing
Packet Fragmentation
THE NETWORK LAYER IN THE INTERNET
The IP Version 4 Protocol
IP Addresses
IP Version 6
Internet Control Protocols
Label Switching and MPLS
OSPF—An Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
BGP—The Exterior Gateway Routing Protocol
Internet Multicasting
Mobile IP
SUMMARY

6 THE TRANSPORT LAYER

THE TRANSPORT SERVICE
Services Provided to the Upper Layers
Transport Service Primitives
Berkeley Sockets
An Example of Socket Programming: An Internet File Server
ELEMENTS OF TRANSPORT PROTOCOLS
Addressing
Connection Establishment
Connection Release
Error Control and Flow Control
Multiplexing
Crash Recovery
CONGESTION CONTROL
Desirable Bandwidth Allocation
Regulating the Sending Rate
Wireless Issues
THE INTERNET TRANSPORT PROTOCOLS: UDP
Introduction to UDP
Remote Procedure Call
Real-Time Transport Protocols
THE INTERNET TRANSPORT PROTOCOLS: TCP
Introduction to TCP
The TCP Service Model
The TCP Protocol
The TCP Segment Header
TCP Connection Establishment
TCP Connection Release
TCP Connection Management Modeling
TCP Sliding Window
TCP Timer Management
TCP Congestion Control
The Future of TCP
PERFORMANCE ISSUES
Performance Problems in Computer Networks
Network Performance Measurement
Host Design for Fast Networks
Fast Segment Processing
Header Compression
Protocols for Long Fat Networks
DELAY-TOLERANT NETWORKING
DTN Architecture
The Bundle Protocol
SUMMARY

7 THE APPLICATION LAYER

DNS—THE DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM
The DNS Name Space
Domain Resource Records
Name Servers
ELECTRONIC MAIL
Architecture and Services
The User Agent
Message Formats
Message Transfer
Final Delivery
THE WORLD WIDE WEB
Architectural Overview
Static Web Pages
Dynamic Web Pages and Web Applications
HTTP—The HyperText Transfer Protocol
The Mobile Web
Web Search
STREAMING AUDIO AND VIDEO
Digital Audio
Digital Video
Streaming Stored Media
Streaming Live Media
Real-Time Conferencing
CONTENT DELIVERY
Content and Internet Traffic
Server Farms and Web Proxies
Content Delivery Networks
Peer-to-Peer Networks
SUMMARY

8 NETWORK SECURITY

CRYPTOGRAPHY
Introduction to Cryptography
Substitution Ciphers
Transposition Ciphers
One-Time Pads
Two Fundamental Cryptographic Principles
SYMMETRIC-KEY ALGORITHMS
DES—The Data Encryption Standard
AES—The Advanced Encryption Standard
Cipher Modes
Other Ciphers
Cryptanalysis
PUBLIC-KEY ALGORITHMS
RSA
Other Public-Key Algorithms
DIGITAL SIGNATURES
Symmetric-Key Signatures
Public-Key Signatures
Message Digests
The Birthday Attack
MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC KEYS
Certificates
X.509
Public Key Infrastructures
COMMUNICATION SECURITY
IPsec
Firewalls
Virtual Private Networks
Wireless Security
AUTHENTICATION PROTOCOLS
Authentication Based on a Shared Secret Key
Establishing a Shared Key: The Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange
Authentication Using a Key Distribution Center
Authentication Using Kerberos
Authentication Using Public-Key Cryptography
EMAIL SECURITY
PGP—Pretty Good Privacy
S/MIME
WEB SECURITY
Threats
Secure Naming
SSL—The Secure Sockets Layer
Mobile Code Security
SOCIAL ISSUES
Privacy
Freedom of Speech
Copyright
SUMMARY

9 READING LIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING
Introduction and General Works
The Physical Layer
The Data Link Layer
The Medium Access Control Sublayer
The Network Layer
The Transport Layer
The Application Layer
Network Security
ALPHABETICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

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