Download Free Practical Electronics for Inventors Third Edition Pdf
Introduction: Basic Electronics Books Free Download
Getting Started With Basic Electronics Books Free Download Pdf, Perhaps the most common predicament newcomers face when learning electronics is figuring out exactly what it is they must learn. What topics are worth covering, and in which general order should they be covered? A good starting point for answering these questions is the flowchart presented. This chart provides an overview of the basic elements that go into designing practical electrical gadgets and represents the information you will find in this book. This chapter introduces these basic elements.
At the top of the chart comes the theory. This involves learning about voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, inductance, and various laws and theorems that help predict the size and direction of voltages and currents within circuits. As you learn the basic theory, you will be introduced to basic passive components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, and transformers.
Next down the line are discrete passive circuits. Discrete passive circuits include currentlimiting networks, voltage dividers, filter circuits, attenuators, and so on. These simple circuits, by themselves, are not very interesting, but they are vital ingredients in more complex circuits.
After you have learned about passive components and circuits, you move on to discrete active devices, which are built from semiconductor materials. These devices consist mainly of diodes (oneway currentflow gates) and transistors (electrically controlled switches/amplifiers). Once you have covered the discrete active devices, you get discrete active/passive circuits. Some of these circuits include rectifiers (actodc converters), amplifiers, oscillators, modulators, mixers, and voltage regulators. This is where things start getting interesting.
Download Free Practical Electronics for Inventors Third Edition Chapters And Sections
Table Of Contents For Basic Electronics Books Free Download
Getting Started With Basic Electronics Books Free Download
CHAPTER 1
Introduction to Electronics
CHAPTER 2 Theory
Electric Current
Currents in Perspective
Voltage
The Mechanisms of Voltage
Definition of Volt and Generalized Power Law
Combining Batteries
Other Voltage Sources
Water Analogies
A Microscopic View of Conduction (For Those Who Are Interested)
Applying a Voltage
Resistance, Resistivity, Conductivity
How the Shape of a Conductor Affects Resistance
Resistivity and Conductivity
Insulators, Conductors, and Semiconductors
Heat and Power
Thermal Heat Conduction and Thermal Resistance
Importance of Heat Production
Wire Gauges
Grounds
Earth Ground
Different Types of Ground Symbols
Loose Ends on Grounding
CHAPTER 3 Basic Electronic Circuit Components
Wires, Cables, and Connectors
Wires
Cables
Connectors
Wiring and Connector Symbols
HighFrequency Effects Within Wires and Cables
Batteries
How a Cell Works
Primary Batteries
Comparing Primary Batteries
Secondary Batteries
Battery Capacity
Note on Internal Voltage Drop of a Battery
Switches
How a Switch Works
Describing a Switch
Kinds of Switches
Simple Switch Applications
Relays
Specific Kinds of Relays
A Few Notes about Relays
Some Simple Relay Circuits
Resistors
Resistance and Ohm’s Law
Resistors in Series and Parallel
Reading Resistor Labels
Real Resistor Characteristics
Types of Resistors
Variable Resistors (Rheostats, Potentiometers, Trimmers)
Potentiometer Characteristics
CHAPTER 4 Semiconductors
Semiconductor Technology
What Is a Semiconductor?
Applications of Silicon
Diodes
How pn Junction Diodes Work
Diode Water Analogy
Kinds of Rectifiers/Diodes
Practical Considerations
Diode/Rectifier Applications
Zener Diodes
Zener Diode Applications
Varactor Diodes (Variable Capacitance Diodes)
PIN Diodes
Microwave Diodes (IMPATT, Gunn, Tunnel, etc.)
Problems
Transistors
Introduction to Transistors
Bipolar Transistors
Junction FieldEffect Transistors
Metal Oxide Semiconductor FieldEffect Transistors
Unijunction Transistors
Thyristors
CHAPTER 5 Optoelectronics
A Little Lecture on Photons
Lamps
LightEmitting Diodes
How an LED Works
Kinds of LEDs
More on LEDs
LED Applications
Laser Diodes
Photoresistors
How a Photoresistor Works
Technical Stuff
Applications
Technical Stuff
Applications
Photothyristors
How LASCRs Work
Basic Operation
Optoisolators
Integrated Optoisolators
Applications
Optical Fiber
CHAPTER 6 Sensors
General Principals
Precision, Accuracy, and Resolution
The Observer Effect
Calibration
Temperature
Thermistors
Thermocouples
Resistive Temperature Detectors
Analog Output Thermometer ICs
Digital Thermometer ICs
Infrared Thermometers/Pyrometers
Summary
Proximity and Touch
Touch Screens
Ultrasonic Distance
Optical Distance
Capacitive Sensors
Summary
Movement, Force, and Pressure
Passive Infrared
Rotation
Flow
Force
Sound
CHAPTER 7 Handson Electronics
Safety
Lecture on Safety
Damaging Components with Electrostatic Discharge
Component Handling Precautions
Constructing Circuits
Drawing a Circuit Schematic
A Note on Circuit Simulator Programs
Making a Prototype of Your Circuit
The Final Circuit
Making a PCB
Special Pieces of Hardware Used in Circuit Construction
Soldering
Desoldering
CHAPTER 8 Operational Amplifiers
Operational Amplifier Water Analogy
How Op Amps Work (The “CopOut” Explanation)
Theory
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Real Kinds of Op Amps
Op Amp Specifications
Powering Op Amps
Some Practical Notes
Voltage and Current Offset Compensation
Frequency Compensation
Comparators
Comparators with Hysteresis
Inverting Comparator with Hysteresis
Noninverting Comparator with Hysteresis
Using SingleSupply Comparators
Window Comparator
VoltageLevel Indicator
Applications
CHAPTER 9 Filters
Things to Know Before You Start Designing Filters
Basic Filters
Passive LowPass Filter Design
A Note on Filter Types
Passive HighPass Filter Design
Passive Bandpass Filter Design
Passive Notch Filter Design
Active Filter Design
Active LowPass Filter Example
Active HighPass Filter Example
Active Bandpass Filters
Active Notch Filters
Integrated Filter Circuits
CHAPTER 10 Oscillators and Timers
RC Relaxation Oscillators
The 555 Timer IC
How a 555 Works (Astable Operation)
Basic Astable Operation
How a 555 Works (Monostable Operation)
Basic Monostable Operation
Some Important Notes About 555 Timers
Simple 555 Applications
VoltageControlled Oscillators
WienBridge and TwinT Oscillators
LC Oscillators (Sinusoidal Oscillators)
Crystal Oscillators
Microcontroller Oscillators
CHAPTER 11 Voltage Regulators and Power Supplies
VoltageRegulator ICs
Fixed Regulator ICs
Adjustable Regulator ICs
Regulator Specifications
A Quick Look at a Few Regulator Applications
The Transformer
Rectifier Packages
A Few Simple Power Supplies
Technical Points About Ripple Reduction
Loose Ends
Switching Regulator Supplies (Switchers)
SwitchMode Power Supplies
Kinds of Commercial Power Supply Packages
Power Supply Construction
CHAPTER 12 Digital Electronics
The Basics of Digital Electronics
The Digital Logic States
Number Codes Used in Digital Electronics
Clock Timing and Parallel Versus Serial Transmission
Logic Gates
MultipleInput Logic Gates
Digital Logic Gate ICs
Applications for a Single Logic Gate
Combinational Logic
Keeping Circuits Simple (Karnaugh Maps)
Combinational Devices
Multiplexers (Data Selectors) and Bilateral SwitchesDemultiplexers (Data Distributors) and Decoders
Encoders and Code Converters
Binary Adders
Binary Adder/Subtractor
Arithmetic Logic Units
Comparators and Magnitude Comparator ICs
Parity Generator/Checker
A Note on Obsolescence and the Trend Toward Microcontroller Control
Logic Families
TTL Family of ICs
CMOS Family of ICs
I/O Voltages and Noise Margins
12.4.4 Current Ratings, Fanout, and Propagation Delays
A Detailed Look at the TTL and CMOS Subfamilies
A Look at a Few Other Logic Series
Logic Gates with OpenCollector Outputs
SchmittTriggered Gates
Interfacing Logic Families
Powering and Testing Logic ICs
Power Supply Decoupling
Unused Inputs
Logic Probes and Logic Pulsers
Sequential Logic
SR FlipFlops
12.6.2 SR FlipFlop ICs
DType FlipFlops
Quad and Octal D FlipFlops
JK FlipFlops
Practical Timing Considerations with FlipFlops
Digital Clock Generators and SinglePulse Generators
Automatic PowerUp Clear (Reset) Circuits
More on Switch Debouncers
Pullup and Pulldown Resistors
Counter ICs
Asynchronous Counter (Ripple Counter) ICs
Synchronous Counter ICs
A Note on Counters with Displays
Shift Registers
SerialIn/SerialOut Shift Registers
SerialIn/ParallelOut Shift Registers
ParallelIn/SerialOut Shift Registers
Ring Counter (Shift Register Sequencer)
Johnson Shift Counter
Shift Register ICs
Simple Shift Register Applications
ThreeState Buffers, Latches, and Transceivers
ThreeState Octal Buffers
ThreeState Octal Latches and FlipFlops
Transceivers
CHAPTER 13 Microcontrollers
Basic Structure of a Microcontroller
Example Microcontrollers
The ATtiny85 Microcontroller
The PIC16Cx Microcontrollers
32Bit Microcontrollers
Digital Signal Processing
Evaluation/Development Boards
Arduino
A Tour of Arduino
The Arduino IDE
Arduino Board Models
Shields
The Arduino C Library
Arduino Example Project
Taking the Arduino Offboard
Interfacing with Microcontrollers
CHAPTER 14 Motors
DC Continuous Motors
Speed Control of DC Motors
Directional Control of DC Motors
RC Servos
Stepper Motors
Kinds of Stepper Motors
Driving Stepper Motors
Controlling the Driver with a Translator
A Final Word on Identifying Stepper Motors
CHAPTER 15 Audio Electronics
A Little Lecture on Sound
Microphones
Microphone Specifications
Audio Amplifiers
Inverting Amplifier
Noninverting Amplifier
Digital Amplifiers
Reducing Hum in Audio Amplifiers
Preamplifiers
CHAPTER 16 Modular Electronics
There’s an IC for It
Breakout Boards and Modules
Radio Frequency Modules
Audio Modules
PlugandPlay Prototyping
Open Source Hardware
APPENDIX A Power Distribution and Home Wiring
A.1 Power Distribution
A.2 A Closer Look at ThreePhase Electricity
A.3 Home Wiring
A.4 Electricity in Other Countries
APPENDIX B Error Analysis
B.1 Absolute Error, Relative Error, and Percent Error
B.2 Uncertainty Estimates
APPENDIX C Useful Facts and Formulas
C.1 Greek Alphabet
C.2 Powers of 10 Unit Prefixes
C.3 Linear Functions (y = mx + b)
C.4 Quadratic Equation (y = ax2 + bx + c)
C.5 Exponents and Logarithms
C.6 Trigonometry
C.7 Complex Numbers
C.8 Differential Calculus
C.9 Integral Calculus
Index
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